What is Fracking
The history of mankind is dotted with streaks showing how he has evolved over the years. It shows the various experiences he has undergone and how he managed to scale through them. Indeed, man has been very creative with his approach to survival. His understanding of the workings of nature gives him a strength that other living entities do not possess. This has been critical to his ability to sustain his generations over the ages. Today, the population of human beings on earth soars in billions and is even projected to swing very closely to ten billion by 2050. This goes to reveal the great levels of success recorded by our race in ensuring that we survive. However, while survival is the focus of living, it evolves into an irony when the same methods applied to guarantee survival become a destructive factor. With our understanding of nature, we have been able to manipulate it using advanced technologies. From simply extracting a living by tilling the soil, we have moved to extracting resources that lie deep within earth. These discoveries have gone on to define the power that a nation wields or the wealth it can display in a particular sub-region. They have also served to better the lot of populations because wealth for the nation implies wealth for the people, too. Yet, in the quest to create this, embedded resources have been massively commercialized and turned against the best interests of people. Giant conglomerates control locations which possess large volumes of resources converting the outputs on a daily basis to extremely profitable commodities.
As they keep demanding more, the earth feels it’s impact and shows it by producing reduced outputs. A similar response manifests itself in constant movement to new locations. But in many cases, the locations are not very welcoming. Oil and gas, in particular, may be ensconced in areas that are difficult to drill into with ease. The ground here could be rocky meaning that it is not the average spot. Consequently, more extreme methods are deployed. This is the basis of hydraulic fracturing, otherwise called ‘fracking’. It is a method used in the oil and gas sector to forcibly remove the resource from deep within the earth. It is commonly used to extract natural gas but it equally applies to oil. The technique involves the use of heavy drills to penetrate the earth after which a combination of sand, chemicals and water is deployed to break up the surface. The resource is then allowed to flow freely upwards to the soil from which it is then taken for processing. The method is usually used in what is described as difficult scenarios which implies that the area to be mined is not the normal kind of location.
Fracking is often used to extract natural gas from shale deposits which are contained far deeper beneath the ground. It is sometimes used on coal fields too, but finds substantial purchase in the gas mining sector. The history of this method is something that goes back a long time but did not see popular adaptation until recently. This was due to advances in the development of drill technologies.